Seat belts are a critical safety feature in cars. They save lives and reduce injury in the event of car crashes. However, most drivers and passengers take them for granted. We want every person to be aware of when they need to replace their seat belts.
What We'll Cover
A Brief History of the Seat Belt
The first seat belts were invented in the 1880s. They were not meant for cars, but rather the airplane experiments of the time. In fact, the first patent appeared in 1885 by an American, Edward Claghorn.
The first required use of a seatbelt was not until 1954, and that was by racing drivers. At the time, a seat belt was merely a lap belt. The three-point seat belt most of us recognize came about in 1958.
In 1966, seat belts became mandatory for vehicles in the U.S., and most of the world followed shortly after that. Once the belts became compulsory, public service announcements and laws turned towards encouraging use.
Safety Features of a Seat Belt
The seat belt has evolved from a lap belt into the three-point piece we recognize today. The mechanics have also changed considerably to improve protection.
One of the significant improvements was the pretensioner. This machinery keeps the seat belt comfortable without allowing excess slack. This feature helps reduce the space someone has to move while the locking retractor kicks in during a crash.
Locking retractors are another feature that gradually evolved. These retractors allow the seat occupant some movement while still limiting the action in a crash. These are also the devices that lock the seatbelt in the event of sudden deceleration.
Even the material we make seatbelts out of has evolved. We use woven polyester for modern seat belts. The previous favorite, nylon, demonstrated too much stretching upon further safety testing.
Circumstances to Replace a Seat Belt
While seat belts do not degrade as quickly as other vehicle parts, they still occasionally require replacement. Otherwise, they are not as effective in the event of an emergency.
Seat belts are single-use items. We should always replace them following a crash, even if it seems like an insignificant fender bender. The belt fabric may have stretched, and the mechanical pieces may be compromised.
It’s best to discuss replacement as part of car insurance payouts. Some manufacturers recommend replacing all the seat belts after a crash, not just the ones in use at the time. That can add up for us.
Fraying or Damage
Stretching and fraying of the belt make seat belts less safe in a crash. These small damages may cause the belt to snap when under the stresses of an impact. It’s best to replace these as soon as possible.
Additionally, any belt where the mechanisms do not function properly also needs replacement. Items like locking suddenly or refusing to lock at all indicate there is something wrong with the mechanisms. Most manufacturers suggest seatbelt mechanisms we should replace seat belts every 10 to 15 years to prevent issues.
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